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MBChB stands for Bachelor of medicine and surgery and is a five-year comprehensive preliminary program. It provides exposure to physiology, applied pharmacology, anatomy, pathology, microbiology, pediatrics, general surgery, etc. MD is equivalent to a master’s or Ph.D. degree and can be pursued after the MBChB program and relevant clinical experience; it lets you specialize in a particular area of medicine and takes two years with a dissertation. The medical field offers wide-ranging career pathways like family medicine, internal medicine, anesthesiology, pathology, neurology, rheumatology, radiology, etc. Understanding your interests and talents will enable you to choose a specialty wisely. With a ranking of ZQF 10 by HEA, TAUs globally accredited MBChB programs give you the foresight to make a positive impact and open you to opportunities to work anywhere based on your preferences.
- 1) Family medicine physician:
- 2) Internal medicine physician:
- 3) Anesthesiologist:
- 4) Pathologist:
- 5) Neurologist:
- 6) Trauma surgeon:
- 7) Allergist and immunologist:
- 8) Ophthalmologist:
- 9) Nuclear medicine physician:
- 10) Rheumatologist:
- 11) Pulmonologist:
- 12) Orthopedist:
- 13) Preventive medicine physician:
- 14) Radiologist:
- 15) Sports medicine physician:
- 16) Podiatrist:
- 17) Cardiologist:
- 18) Physiatrist:
- 19) Obstetrician and Gynecologist:
- Key Takeaways:
Several questions pop up in your mind before you decide to pursue medicine, which course to study? Which university to join? Are you prepared to meet the demands of a challenging medical career? Whether MBChB or MD? Once you have decided on your career pathway, you must understand the available graduate and advanced programs and the difference between MBChB and MD degrees.
MBChB stands for Bachelor of medicine and surgery and is a five-year comprehensive preliminary program. It provides exposure to physiology, applied pharmacology, anatomy, pathology, microbiology, pediatrics, general surgery, etc.
MD (Doctor of Medicine) is equivalent to a master’s or Ph.D. degree, which varies with the country you are practicing medicine. Medical students can pursue MD after the MBChB program and relevant clinical experience; it lets you specialize in a particular area and takes two years with a dissertation:
- Aerospace Medicine
- Forensic Medicine
- General Surgery
- Obstetrics & Gynecology
A high level of competition exists in this field, so students must score high grades for admission.
The medical field offers wide-ranging career pathways, and understanding your interests and talents will enable you to choose a specialty wisely.
Let’s look at some of the career pathways open to you:
1) Family medicine physician:
Family doctors take care of the health care needs of the entire family, comprising different age groups. They examine, diagnose, provide essential support, prescribe medicines and necessary therapies, monitor patients’ progress, and educate and create awareness on sustaining and improving overall well-being. The role also involves interacting and working as a team with other healthcare professionals to provide complete care to the family members.
2) Internal medicine physician:
Internists undergo intense training to perform a comprehensive medical exam and deal with complex diseases and conditions affecting the internal organs in adults. Physicians in this field should stay updated on advancements in the field; to enable them to monitor patients’ health, devise treatment strategies and perform medical research.
Anesthesiologists ensure patients’ safety and don’t get distressed while undergoing surgical procedures. With specialization in perioperative care, they devise anesthetic administration strategies in collaboration with the surgeon, like general anesthesia, sedation, or regional anesthesia, for patients and monitor their vitals during and after surgeries. They should adhere to ethical practices and policies and create awareness of the risks involved with anesthetics.
Pathologists analyze and interpret diagnostic requirements according to the prescription and help healthcare providers diagnose various health conditions by performing a detailed study of the human body and lab tests. The role involves research, testing samples, and preparing test reports.
Pathologists are specializing in forensic science conduct autopsies to determine the basis of an individual’s death.
Neurologists are specialists who treat the brain, spinal cord, muscles, and peripheral nerve disorders, including stroke, Parkinson’s, and epilepsy. They consult with their patients, conduct various diagnostics, analyze and interpret the results to determine their mental and physical well-being, and design treatment strategies accordingly.
6) Trauma surgeon:
Trauma surgeons work in the emergency department of hospitals and deal with patients who are severely injured and need critical care. They treat fractures, internal injuries, and burns, which involve performing surgical procedures and prescribing medicines.
7) Allergist and immunologist:
Allergists and immunologists are specialists who analyze, interpret and treat conditions related to immune systems. They also educate and create awareness in patients concerning treatment outcomes. Some of the health conditions they handle are allergies, asthma, and primary immunodeficiency disorders.
Specialists in ophthalmology diagnose, handle and manage diseases concerning the eye and vision. They conduct routine eye care, perform surgical procedures to remove cataracts, repair corneas, etc., and prescribe eyeglasses or contact lenses to rectify problems with vision.
9) Nuclear medicine physician:
Here the specialist employs radioactive materials to diagnose and treat health conditions. They analyze the result of diagnostic imaging procedures, update the patients about the diagnosis and design appropriate treatment strategies to deal with the disease. As they deal with hazardous elements, adherence to safety protocols ensures the well-being of everyone concerned.
Specialists in rheumatology diagnose and treat rheumatic disorders. They analyze and examine the symptoms and effects of musculoskeletal and autoimmune conditions on the patient’s immune system and diagnostic results and create treatment strategies to deal with them.
Pulmonologists specialize in treating conditions in the respiratory and cardiopulmonary systems, like pneumonia, asthma, emphysema, etc.
Specialists in orthopedics diagnose and treat conditions affecting the musculoskeletal system. They perform surgical procedures to fix fractured bones and problems affecting the musculoskeletal system and assist in rehabilitation.
13) Preventive medicine physician:
Specialists in preventive medicine educate and create awareness in people to maintain good health. They focus on protecting, promoting, and maintaining excellent health standards and containing the spread of diseases and disabilities. They identify high-risk individuals and direct public health initiatives to create awareness.
Radiologists use medical imaging techniques like X-rays, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, etc., to analyze and treat health conditions and diseases. Radiologists collaborate with other medical professionals and summarize the diagnostic results based on their interpretation, enabling doctors to provide the necessary treatment for a cure.
15) Sports medicine physician:
Specialists in sports medicine treat individuals participating in various sporting activities. They examine and analyze diagnostic results for musculoskeletal disorders and provide necessary therapies to improve their health and overall performance. They further assist in the rehabilitation process, prevent further injuries and sustain their efforts.
Podiatrists treat conditions and injuries related to lower legs, ankles, and feet like calluses, arthritis, ankle deformities, ingrown toenails, etc. They also treat diabetic foot and leg problems.
Cardiology is one of the top career preferences among medical students. A physician specializing in cardiology treats conditions of the cardiovascular system. They study and analyze high-risk conditions that increase heart risks, which also involves a detailed study of patient and family medical history and suggest ways to improve well-being.
Physiatrists treat conditions affecting the musculoskeletal system, which includes the brain, spinal cord, nerves, bones, joints, ligaments, muscles, and tendons. These physicians focus on assisting patients to be functional without requiring surgical procedures. Some common ailments are back pain, work injuries, fibromyalgia, spinal cord injuries, and osteoporosis.
19) Obstetrician and Gynecologist:
Obstetrician-gynecologists are specialists in women’s health and provide comprehensive care. They analyze and treat conditions related to the female reproductive system, handle pregnancy and childbirth and ensure the well-being of the mother and child during and after labor. This field of study is one of the top preferences next to cardiology.
Studying Bachelor of medicine and surgery program at Texila American University gives you the foresight to make a positive impact. With a ranking of ZQF 10 by HEA, its globally accredited MBChB programs open you to opportunities to work anywhere based on your preferences. A career in medicine offers a broad spectrum of career choices and a chance to work in wide-ranging aspects. It’s an ideal career choice for keen learners as it stimulates and challenges you offering fulfillment. Also, if you are a people person, you will enjoy interacting with people from all walks of life.
A career in medicine requires strong-commitment the following tips will help you choose your specialty:
- Get insights from a doctor working in the specialty you are interested in, and follow him closely to understand the day-to-day routines, work culture, the type of people they see, etc.
- Having a good understanding of your mastery will help you determine what you can do.
- TAU is the best medical school for surgery, with clinical rotations in various departments like internal medicine, general surgery, pediatrics, obstetrics & gynecology, psychiatry, and community medicine. This helps you gain clinical exposure and choose a specialty.
- Consult with your mentors for guidance and support in choosing the right specialty.
TAU’s five-year Bachelor of medicine and surgery prepares you for top careers in the rapidly evolving healthcare setting. A career in medicine lets you experience job stability with high earnings. It enables you to build trust as you will serve society with high levels of integrity.